Cell-Ag 101

Not familiar with Cellular Agriculture?

Scroll down to learn more about clean meat and cellular agriculture

WHATis Cellular Agriculture?

Cellular Agriculture, or Cell-Ag for short, is the science or practice of farming products from animal cells rather than entire animals. This includes but is not limited to food animal products like meat, milk, and eggs, as well as leather, silk and rhinoceros horn.


Clean Meat

Real meat made through cellular agriculture, without killing animals Harvested using the best farm animal cells


Real leather made through cellular agriculture, without killing animals Produced through fermentation


A person who only consumes cellular agriculture products The prefix "neo" or next generation combined with "omnivore", one who consumes plants and animal products


The practice of only consuming cellular agriculture products In the future, products will be labeled “Neo” if they are harvested through cellular agriculture

**The word “​consumes” in the definition ​of Neomnivore​ can be thought of under an economic framework meaning ​"​consuming​"​ or “purchasing”

Whyis Cellular Agriculture important?

This large supply of farmed animals​,​ which​ ​provide all of these animal products​,​ are causing 3 main sets of concerns:


People often get sick from animal products that are contaminated like meat and the growing population in the coming decades will require a higher demand for animal products than we can currently produce.


Animals live in crowded, unnatural conditions which can be harmful for them, and they need to be killed in large quantities to supply the world with animal products.


The World does not have enough environmental resources to produce for all of the farm animals; there isn’t enough food, water, and land to provide to them sustainably.

is Cellular Agriculture possible?

Cellular Agriculture uses biotechnology to produce animal products without animals. The science of cellular agriculture can be broken down into two main categories:

Tissue Engineering or simply growing tissues or cells outside of animals

Fermentation or simply using microorganisms to obtain proteins found in animal products

Tissue Engineering




WHERE is Cellular Agriculture being done?

Cellular Agriculture is being developed around the world, but most of the startups are located in the United States, and San Francisco specifically.

Check out a list of the locations that all of the startups and non-profits represent below:

CAS – Boston

SuperMeat – Israel

Pembient – Seattle

Spiber – Japan

GFI – Washington DC

MAF – Israel

NH – New York

Food Frontier – Australia

MosaMeat – Netherlands

Integriculture – Japan

Modern Meadow – New Jersey

Perfect Day – California

Finless Foods – California

Clara Foods – California

JUST – California

Memphis Meats – California

Geltor – California

Bolt Threads – California

It will be advantageous to use cellular agriculture if we colonize Mars, since farming animals there will be impractical

WHEn will products be available?

Before 2025

Small Scale, Limited Markets

After 2025

Large Scale, Global Markets

Please visit CellAg.org to get involved in Cellular Agriculture

There is much work that needs to be done today to grow the field of cell-ag. These estimates are based upon people around the world accelerating the revolution of cellular agriculture and we need your help to reach these goals sooner!

Kristopher Gasteratos


The following was taken from an interview with CAS Founder & President, Kristopher Gasteratos…

What will affect cellular agriculture’s commercialization most?

- Current Animal Agriculture’s Involvement/Investment

- Cultural traditions and reluctance to change

- Complexity of the products

- Lobbying/resistance efforts from opponents like grain producers and wildlife conservation groups

- The governmental structure of countries (authoritarian/democratic)

- Religion

- The development of nations’ economies

What goals do yourself and the Cellular Agriculture Society have for advancing cellular agriculture? What is the future of cellular agriculture?

We live in arguably the most challenging time in human history to make accurate technological projections. Especially considering the complex intersectional nature of modern technology, predictions are particularly difficult to make with high precision. However, the following is what I have gathered speaking with people from around the world on this topic, inside the field of cell-ag and out. I have spoken with the most conservative estimators like the director of IARPA, who thinks cellular agriculture products may never "substitute" animal products completely, but instead will "supplement” animal-based animal products, to the most liberal estimators like JUST, inc., who is aiming for commercialization in 2018 and to thereafter revolutionize the world within a decade.

So while the future is extremely difficult to predict, especially with advancing technologies on the horizon today, the following are my predictions which converge with 3 Major Milestones I have for the future of cellular agriculture…

1) The Emergence

It has taken us thousands of technological progress to get here, but by the 2020s the commercialization of cellular agriculture products like clean meat, dariy, and Zoa allow the first people in the world to go Neo. Many people are very skeptical about cellular agriculture products, especially food products, but it is slowly growing acceptance within society; early adopters are beginning to go completely Neo. Due to the complexity of the products, not all products will be commercialized at once, so the early Neomnivores will not have chicken “nuggets” available to them over “rotisserie” chickens.

2) The Confluence

The philosophy of Neomnivorism is growing after the first products arose in the 2020s. For years, a lack of all products having cellular agriculture analogs delays the Neo movement from taking off, as well as mass skepticism towards its long-term impact. After decades though, cellular agriculture products are becoming widely accepted reaching 70% market share in early adopting countries and are rising in the countries of least interest. These last adopting countries reach at least a 10% average market share threshold for the bottom 10 adopting countries – this marks the end of the Confluence. Inversely, animal agriculture based products are less than 30% of animal products sold in early adopting countries. Conversely, not as tied to potential social reluctance, a huge wave may take place shortly after the pointwhen the cost/utility of cell-ag products rival that of traditional animal ag products as a whole, and hence it becomes clear that the benefits far outweigh years of society’s reluctance towards adopting. Also newgenerations help with increasing its acceptance globally, making large transitions possible of 10-20% in a matter of years. This period will be known as the Neomnivore’s Renaissance when in just a matter of years, vast quantities of people go Neo and the amount of true omnivores in the world begins to dwindle.

3) The Apotheosis

After multiple decades, and efforts from Neomnivores around the world, there exists over 95% market share for cellular agriculture products wherever humanity inhabits universally. This is coupled with legislation that bans the use of animals to produce animal products & significant taboo exists towards using real animals for animal products wherever humanity practices agriculture, including extraterrestrially. By the 22nd Century, most of the world has now gone Neo and society has, by and large, moved past its industrialized use of animals for animal products – Neomnivorism is an accepted and implied philosophy embedded in societal ethics universally. The Apotheosis marks the end of the millennia-long era where humanity used the other animals on Earth as tools to produce goods.